In the following piece, Fifth Third’s Investment Management Group recaps the market and how it reacted to various events in the month of April. I hope you find this Financial Market Roundup helpful and informative.

Well, it’s official: The first quarter of 2015 did not go well. Perhaps saving a little face, earnings beat expectations, but finished down approximately 3 percent from the previous year. Most of the blame lay at the feet of a stronger dollar and colder-than-expected weather. The West Coast labor dispute didn’t do us any favors either, as it substantially disrupted trade activity. The dodgy start in the first quarter was broad-based, as investors expressed more interest in safe haven assets, at the expense of riskier assets like stocks and energy. The S&P 500 only managed to climb 44 basis points over the three-month period; crude fell $6 a barrel and made new six-year lows; and the yield on the 10-year Treasury declined 25 basis points.

If this feels like déjà vu, it should. The first quarter of last year saw very similar returns in both the U.S. equity and bond markets. The only difference was that the price of crude was still moving higher at that point, but we all know how that played out. The second quarter of last year saw a nice rebound, as U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) growth posted a 4.6 percent expansion, after contracting 2.1 percent in the first quarter. Will we be as fortunate this year? Well, we nailed the disappointing first quarter part, as U.S. GDP growth essentially stalled in the first three months of 2015. However, April has performed well by most accounts, and many think the trend will continue, although modestly.

Let’s take a closer look at the April numbers here:

  1. The MSCI World Index, a broad measure of developed world’s stock markets, rose 2.35 percent for the month.
  2. The S&P 500, a measure of large U.S. companies, rose 0.96 percent for the month.
  3. The MSCI Emerging Market Index, a broad measure of the emerging world’s stock markets, rose 7.71% percent for the month.
  4. The MSCI REIT Index declined 5.90 percent for the month.
  5. Gold declined 0.21 percent for the month.

In April, investors added risk to their portfolios. The S&P 500 was up almost 1 percent for the month. The yield on the 10-year Treasury rose back above 2 percent, and oil surged 25 percent. What changed? The weak first quarter growth numbers followed disappointing non-farm payroll numbers in March (126,000 new jobs, released in April) and mounting concerns that the strong dollar is hurting corporate earnings. However, some of these headwinds have either moderated or are otherwise no longer an issue. Aside from a dollar that has lost some momentum and a resolved west coast labor dispute, there is plenty of evidence that suggests things will improve in the second quarter. Retail sales and manufacturing saw improving numbers for the first time in over three months, and durable goods orders jumped 4 percent. We’re seeing an uptick in core inflation, to a five-month high, and gains made by the employment cost index are increasing pressure on the Fed to start hiking rates.

It’s hard to say what would be considered a successful second quarter, as measured in GDP growth. Something close to the U.S. economy’s long-term average of 3 percent would be our starting point. We would also want to see considerable improvement in April’s non-farm payroll numbers and wage inflation would need to continue firming up. Many investors expect U.S. consumers to show up to the party at any minute, as they have been reluctant thus far to spend their savings at the gas pump on bigger ticket items.

Unfortunately, the first estimate of second quarter growth won’t be released until the end of July. In the meantime, we will do our best to read the tea leaves, paying special attention to economic releases that have the potential to influence a data-dependent Fed.


Market commentary provided by Fifth Third Private Bank. Source of statistics is Bloomberg.com. Returns are calculated from market close on 4/1/15 through 4/30/15. This information is current as of the date of this letter and the opinions expressed are subject to change at any time, based on market and other conditions. This information is intended for educational purposes only and does not constitute the rendering of investment advice or specific recommendations on investment activities and trading. The mention of a specific security within this letter is not intended as a solicitation to buy or sell the specific security. Index performance shown within this letter is not representative of any Fifth Third managed account.

Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal invested. Diversification does not assure or guarantee better performance and cannot eliminate the risk of investment loss.

Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indexes are unmanaged, do not incur investment management fees, do not represent the performance of any particular investment, and may not be invested directly into by investors. Small company investing involves specific risks not necessarily encountered in large company investing such as increased volatility. Investments in foreign markets entail special risks such as currency, political, economic and market risks.

S&P 500 Index is a composite of 500 companies, amongst the largest based in the United States, and it often used as a measure of the overall U.S. stock market.

The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure equity market performance of emerging markets. The MSCI Emerging Markets Index consists of the following 23 emerging market country indexes: Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Egypt, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Qatar, Russia, South Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey* and United Arab Emirates.

The MSCI US REIT Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is comprised of equity REITs. The index is based on MSCI USA Investable Market Index (IMI) its parent index which captures large, mid and small caps securities. With 137 constituents, it represents about 99% of the US REIT universe and all securities are classified in the REIT sector according to the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS®).

Gold Index is the U.S. dollar per Troy ounce

The MSCI World Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed markets. The MSCI World Index consists of the following 23 developed market country indexes: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

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